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Abhijna

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Abhijña
Abhijñā (Skt.Pali, abhiññāTib., mngon shes, མངོན་ཤེས་) has been translated generally as "knowing," "direct knowing" and "direct knowledge" or, at times more technically, as "higher knowledge" and "supernormal knowledge." In Buddhism, such knowing and knowledge is obtained through virtuous living and meditation. In terms of specifically enumerated knowledges, these include worldly extra-sensory abilities (such as seeing past and future lives) as well as the supramundane extinction of all mental intoxicants (āsava).

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Rakefet Dictionary

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Abhijna
Abhijna (Sanskrit) [from abhi towards + the verbal root jna to know, have special knowledge of, mastery over; cf Pali abhinna] Inner perception; in Buddhism the five or six transcendental powers, faculties, or superknowledges attained on reaching buddhahood. Gautama Buddha is said to have acquired the six abhijnas the night he attained enlightenment. Generally enumerated as:
1) divyachakshus (divine eye) instantaneous perception of whatever one wills to see;
2) divyasrotra (divine ear) instantaneous comprehension of all sounds on every plane;
3) riddhisakshatkriya, power of becoming visibly manifest at will, intuitive perception;
4) purvanivasajnana (power to know former existences) also called purvanivasanu-smritijnana (recollection of former existences); and
5) parachittajnana (knowledge of others' thoughts) understanding of their minds and hearts.
In China a sixth is listed as asravakshaya (stream-mastery, pain destruction), destruction of all ignorance and the entering of the stream of supernal knowledge. While these aghijnas may be acquired in the process of achieving spiritual progress, the Buddha frowned upon any attempt to develop them; and if they should spontaneously become manifest, then one must avoid any display of such extranormal powers.
In China a sixth is listed as asravakshaya (stream-mastery, pain destruction), destruction of all ignorance and the entering of the stream of supernal knowledge. While these aghijnas may be acquired in the process of achieving spiritual progress, the Buddha frowned upon any attempt to develop them; and if they should spontaneously become manifest, then one must avoid any display of such extranormal powers.



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