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Agrobacterium tumefaciens

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Agrobacterium tumefaciens
Agrobacterium tumefaciens (updated scientific name Rhizobium radiobacter, synonym Agrobacterium radiobacter) is the causal agent of crown gall disease (the formation of tumours) in over 140 species of eudicots. It is a rod-shaped, Gram-negative soil bacterium. Symptoms are caused by the insertion of a small segment of DNA (known as the T-DNA, for 'transfer DNA'), from a plasmid, into the plant cell, which is incorporated at a semi-random location into the plant genome.

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WordNet 2.0 Dictionary

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Agrobacterium tumefaciens

Noun
1. the bacteria that produce crown gall disease in plants
(hypernym) bacteria species
(member-holonym) Agrobacterium, genus Agrobacterium


Common Terms in Evolutionary Biology and Genetics Dictionary

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Agrobacterium tumefaciens
A soil bacterium that causes a cancer-like plant disease (crown gall) in dicotyledenous plants (all agricultural crops except cereals). It contains the Ti plasmid. The tumor induction ability of the bacterium spreads to neighboring cells via the plasmid.

BioProcess International™ Glossary

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Agrobacterium tumefaciens
A bacterial plant pathogen, commonly found in soil, that contains a plasmid used to introduce desired sections of DNA into plants.

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