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American Civil War

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American Civil War
The American Civil War, widely known in the United States as simply the Civil War as well as other names, was a civil war fought from 1861 to 1865 to determine the survival of the Union or independence for the Confederacy. Among the 34 states in January 1861, seven Southern slave states individually declared their secession from the United States and formed the Confederate States of America. The Confederacy, often simply called the South, grew to include eleven states, and although they claimed thirteen states and additional western territories, the Confederacy was never diplomatically recognized by any foreign country. The states that remained loyal and did not declare secession were known as the Union or the North. The war had its origin in the factious issue of slavery, especially the extension of slavery into the western territories. After four years of combat, which had left around 750,000 Americans, Union and Confederate, dead and had destroyed much of the South's infrastructure, the Confederacy collapsed and slavery was abolished. Then began the Reconstruction and the processes of restoring national unity and guaranteeing civil rights to the freed slaves.

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Der Sezessionskrieg oder Amerikanische Bürgerkrieg war der von 1861 bis 1865 währende militärische Konflikt zwischen den aus den Vereinigten Staaten ausgetretenen, in der Konföderation vereinigten Südstaaten und den in der Union verbliebenen Nordstaaten (Unionsstaaten).

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Amerikaanse Burgeroorlog
De Amerikaanse Burgeroorlog (Engels: American Civil War, ook wel War Between the States) was een vier jaar durend conflict van 1861 tot 1865 in de Verenigde Staten tussen de Noordelijke Staten (de Unie) enerzijds en de Zuidelijke Staten (de Confederatie) anderzijds. In vele staten vonden bloedige veldslagen en veldtochten plaats. De oorlog begon met een aanval op Fort Sumter op 12 april. De slag om Bull Run op 21 juli 1861 was de eerste grote veldslag. De oorlog was feitelijk voorbij na de overgave van generaal Robert E. Lee na de slag om Appomattox begin april 1865. De laatste veldslag werd geleverd op 13 mei 1865 bij Palmito Ranch in Texas. In juni gaf het Zuiden zich over en wonnen de Noordelijken. Er vielen naar schatting 618.000 doden en 500.000 gewonden.

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Guerre de Sécession
La guerre de Sécession ou guerre civile américaine (généralement appelée , « la Guerre civile », aux États-Unis) est une guerre civile survenue entre 1861 et 1865 et impliquant les États-Unis d'Amérique (« l'Union »), dirigés par Abraham Lincoln, et les États confédérés d'Amérique (« la Confédération »), dirigés par Jefferson Davis et rassemblant onze États du Sud qui avaient fait sécession des États-Unis.

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جنگ داخلي آمريکا

جنگ داخلي آمريکا جنگ بين ايالت‌هاي شمالي به رهبري آبراهام لينکلن از حزب جمهوري خواه و يازده ايالت جنوبي تحت فرمانروايي رئيس‌جمهور جفرسون ديويس که در ايالات متحده آمريکا رخ داد.

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