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Atrophy

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atrophy
v. waste away, degenerate (Medicine)
 
n. wasting away, degeneration of a body part (Medicine)

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Atrophy
Atrophy is the partial or complete wasting away of a part of the body. Causes of atrophy include mutations (which can destroy the gene to build up the organ), poor nourishment, poor circulation, loss of hormonal support, loss of nerve supply to the target organ, excessive amount of apoptosis of cells, and disuse or lack of exercise or disease intrinsic to the tissue itself. In medical practice, hormonal and nerve inputs that maintain an organ or body part are said to have trophic effects. A diminished muscular trophic condition is designated as atrophy.

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WordNet 2.0 Dictionary

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atrophy

Noun
1. a decrease in size of an organ caused by disease or disuse
(synonym) wasting, wasting away
(hypernym) symptom
(hyponym) amyotrophia, amyotrophy
2. any weakening or degeneration (especially through lack of use)
(synonym) withering
(hypernym) weakening

Verb
1. undergo atrophy; "Muscles that are not used will atrophy"
(hypernym) shrivel, shrivel up, shrink, wither
(derivation) wasting, wasting away


Babylon English-Czech

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atrophy
n. atrofie; zakrnění

Babylon English-Polish

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atrophy
Czas. popadać w atrofię
 
Rzecz. atrofia


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