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Avesta

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Avesta
n. sacred Scriptures of the Zoroastrian religion

Wikipedia English The Free Encyclopedia

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Avesta
The Avesta is the primary collection of sacred texts of Zoroastrianism, composed in the otherwise unrecorded Avestan language.

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WordNet 2.0 Dictionary

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Avesta

Noun
1. a collection of Zoroastrian texts gathered during the 4th or 6th centuries
(synonym) Zend-Avesta
(hypernym) sacred text, sacred writing, religious writing, religious text


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)

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Avesta
(n.)
The Zoroastrian scriptures. See Zend-Avesta.
  

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913), edited by Noah Porter. About

Rakefet Dictionary

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Avesta
Avesta (Avest, Pers) Apstak, Avestak (Pahlavi) Law or the basic foundation, the sacred scriptures of the Mazdeans. The language of the ancient Aryans was the language of the Vedic hymns and also of the Gathic chants of Zoroaster, these being so close that a mere phonetic change often suffices to translate a passage from one into the other. Because of this connection "the Mazdean Scriptures of the Zend-Avesta, the Vendidad and others correct and expose the later cunning shuffling of the gods in the Hindu Pantheon, and restore through Ahura the Asuras to their legitimate place in theogony" (SD 2:60-1). Zend, on the other hand, traditionally designates the Pahlavi commentary on the Avesta. The Yasnas are the principal writings of the Zoroastrians; and in their oldest portion, the Gathas, the original philosophy of Mazdeism is expressed in a spirited poetic language. The Vispered (Pahlavi) or Visperataro (Avestan) [from vispe all + ratavo warriors, spiritual teachers] is an appendix to the later Yasnas which deals with the ritualistic aspects of the Mazdean faith.
The Vendidad (Pahlavi) or Vidaeva-data (Avestan) [from vi against + daeva evil + data law] has 22 fargards (chapters) of which the first two deal with the story of creation and the origin of civilization. The rest is the code of priesthood. The 21 Yashts are the epic of Yazatas or Izads (gods), composed in prose form. Their legends are often comparable with those of Shah-Nameh. Some hymns and prayers from other parts of the Avesta are found in shorter Yashts. There seems to be more profundity and originality of style in the longer Yashts.
to be continue "Avesta2"


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