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European classical music

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Classical music
Classical music is art music produced or rooted in the traditions of Western music, including both liturgical (religious) and secular music. While a similar term is also used to refer to the period from 1750-1820 (the Classical period), this article is about the broad span of time from roughly the 11th century to the present day, which includes the Classical period and various other periods. The central norms of this tradition became codified between 1550 and 1900, which is known as the common practice period. The major time divisions of classical music are as follows: the early music period, which includes the Medieval (500–1400) and the Renaissance (1400–1600) eras; the Common practice period, which includes the Baroque (1600–1750), Classical (1750–1820), and Romantic eras (1804–1910); and the 20th century (1901–2000) which includes the modern (1890–1930) that overlaps from the late 19th-century, the high modern (mid 20th-century), and contemporary or postmodern (1975–2015) eras. European art music is largely distinguished from many other non-European and popular musical forms by its system of staff notation, in use since about the 16th century. Western staff notation is used by composers to prescribe to the performer the pitches (e.g., melodiesbasslines and/or chords), tempometer and rhythms for a piece of music. This leaves less room for practices such as improvisation and ad libitum ornamentation, which are frequently heard in non-European art music and in popular music styles such as jazz and blues. Another difference is that whereas most popular styles lend themselves to the song form, classical music has been noted for its development of highly sophisticated forms of instrumental music such as the concertosymphonysonata, and mixed vocal and instrumental styles such as opera which, since they are written down, can attain a high level of complexity.

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Kunstmusik
Kunstmusik ist ein Abgrenzungsbegriff von Musikstilen, die einer (europäischen) Hochkultur zugerechnet werden sollen, die im Unterschied zu anderen Musikformen mit bestimmten Funktionen – etwa der Programmmusik oder der Tanzmusik – als autonome Kunst angesehen werden. Aufgrund der Fortentwicklung des Kunstbegriffs grenzt sie sich von der Volksmusik und der Musik der Subkulturen ab. Im Gegensatz zum gelegentlich synonym verwendeten Begriff ernste Musik, der sich von unterhaltender Musik abgrenzen soll, liegt die Betonung folglich auf dem künstlerisch-kulturellen Anspruch eines Werks.

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Klassieke muziek
Klassieke muziek is de geschoolde muziek die voortgebracht is door, of geworteld in, de westerse kerkelijke- en wereldlijke muziektradities, grofweg vanaf de middeleeuwen tot heden. De kernregels van deze traditie kwamen vast te liggen in de periode 1550-1900. Het overgrote deel van de composities is op één of andere wijze genoteerd.

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Wikipédia Français

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Musique classique
La musique classique désigne habituellement l'ensemble de la musique occidentale savante d'origine liturgique et séculière, par opposition à la musique populaire, depuis la musique médiévale à nos jours. L'adjectif classique ne se réfère stricto sensu qu'à la musique de la période classique écrite entre le milieu du et l'avènement de la musique romantique dans les années 1820.

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ويکي پدياي فارسي – دانشنامه رايگان

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موسيقي کلاسيک

موسیقی کلاسیک به موسیقی هنری اروپا گفته می‌شود. شروع این موسیقی را از سده‌های میانه در حدود سال ۵۰۰ پس از میلاد می‌دانند.

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