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Sheikh Haydar

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Shaykh Haydar
Shaykh Haydar or Sheikh Haydar was the successor of his father (Shaykh Junayd) as leader of the Safaviyya from 1460-1488. Haydar maintained the policies and political ambitions initiated by his father. Under Sheikh Haydar, the Safaviyya became crystallized as a political movement with an increasingly extremist heterodox Twelver Shi'i coloring and Haydar was viewed as a divine figure by his followers. Shaykh Haydar was responsible for instructing his followers to adopt the scarlet headgear of 12 gores commemorating The Twelve Imams, which led to them being designated by the Turkish term Qizilbash "Red Head".

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Sheikh Haydar
Haydar d'Ardabil (mort en 1488) fut le chef de l'ordre Safavieh, un courant hétérodoxe de l'islam, issu du soufisme et proche du chiisme, de 1460 à sa mort, succédant à son père Junayd. Haydar fut l'époux de la princesse gréco-turkmène Halima, fille d'Uzun Hasan et de son épouse Théodora, et le père de chah Ismaïl , le fondateur de la dynastie séfévide.

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