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adjuvant

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adjuvant
adj. helping, assisting, aiding; auxiliary; used as a supplementary treatment for illness (Medicine)
 
n. helper, assistant; substance or treatment that is used as a supplement to the primary treatment (Medicine); substance added to an antigen or vaccine to increase the immune response (Immunology)

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Adjuvant
An adjuvant (from Latin, adjuvare: to aid) is a pharmacological or immunological agent that modifies the effect of other agents. Adjuvants may be added to vaccine to modify the immune response by boosting it such as to give a higher amount of antibodies and a longer-lasting protection, thus minimizing the amount of injected foreign material. Adjuvants may also be used to enhance the efficacy of a vaccine by helping to modify the immune response to particular types of immune system cells; for example, by activating the T cells instead of antibody-secreting B cells depending on the purpose of the vaccine. Adjuvants are also used in the production of antibodies from immunized animals. There are different classes of adjuvants that can push immune response in different directions, but the most commonly used adjuvants include aluminum hydroxide and paraffin oil.

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WordNet 2.0 Dictionary

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adjuvant

Noun
1. an additive that enhances the effectiveness of medical treatment
(hypernym) additive

Adjective
1. relating to something that is added but is not essential; "an ancillary pump"; "an adjuvant discipline to forms of mysticism"; "The mind and emotions are auxilliary to each other"
(synonym) accessory, adjunct, ancillary, appurtenant, auxiliary, subsidiary
(similar) supportive
2. enhancing the action of a medical treatment; "the adjuvant action of certain bacteria"
(similar) helpful
(classification) pharmacology, pharmacological medicine, materia medica


Babylon French English dictionary

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adjuvant
nm. adjuvant, substance or treatment that is used as a supplement to the primary treatment (Medicine)

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)

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Adjuvant
(n.)
An ingredient, in a prescription, which aids or modifies the action of the principal ingredient.
  
 
(n.)
An assistant.
  
 
(n.)
A substance added to an immunogenic agent to enhance the production of antibodies.
  
 
(n.)
A substance added to a formulation of a drug which enhances the effect of the active ingredient.
  
 
(a.)
Helping; helpful; assisting.
  

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913), edited by Noah Porter. About

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