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Priest and Pastor, Difference between

Official Christianity Glossary for Introduction to Religion

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Priest and Pastor, Difference between
The concept of "priest" provides and important indication of the difference between the Catholic and Orthodox Churches on the one hand and the Protestant Churches on the other. In Catholicism and Orthodoxy, the priest mediates between God and each individual. The priest is the expert in how to approach God and uses that expertise to negotiate between God's power and majesty and the individual's sinful nature. Protestantism rejects the need for a such mediator. It believes that each individual should work out their own salvation directly with God. That is why Protestant Churches give their leaders titles such as "pastor" or "minister."